Moldovan martyrs with an Australian flavor

Moldovan martyrs with an Australian flavor

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Maya: I mixed the yeast with a tablespoon of sugar and 3 tablespoons of flour. I slowly added warm water over it, stirring hard with a wooden spoon. When it came out like a paste, I let it rest for about 10 minutes in the heat. Because the air conditioning in the house was struggling, I took it out on the terrace to warm up in the sun.

Dough: I put the flour in a bowl (about 750g because I thought that if my recipe doesn't work out then it won't be such a big damage). I made a snowball in the middle and there I put butter, beaten eggs, 3 tablespoons of sugar, salt and raised mayonnaise. I mixed all the middle ingredients by hand and slowly began to incorporate the flour. I also added the milk, kneading a little to the dough. I kneaded for about 30 minutes until a well-homogenized crust came out that did not print by hand or bowl and made blisters (so I remember from my mother that she has to make the dough well kneaded).

I raised it for an hour (in the meantime I turned off the AC and turned on the oven to make it suitable for the dough).

Walking break to buy nuts….

I came back and in the meantime the dough became BIG and beautiful.

I started making the options. Oh brother, that in my life I have not done in the kitchen the most meticulous, tiring, torturous thing like "kneading" the dough. I aged 20 years making dough strings. My grandmother weighed a maximum of 50 kilograms in her moments of obesity, but for that she made 40 martyrs in a few moments. I worked, I commented, I sweated and in the end I took out 12 martyrs (luckily I was struck by the revelation that my husband does not eat anything prepared with walnuts so 12 pieces I say are enough for me).

Okay, I made the martyrs, I put them in the tray, the tray in the oven at 150 degrees and I left them there for a while… I don't know how long I forgot to look at the clock and I started playing with my son- mine. At one point it smelled like baking in the house… so I remembered them… I ran to the oven and found them browned, blushing only good to eat.

Then I made the syrup: a liter of water with about 4 tablespoons of sugar and vanilla essence set on fire until the sugar melts. Then I mixed with about 4 tablespoons of honey and ready the syrup.

I took the martyrs one by one, put them in the syrup until I felt that they penetrated inside. I rolled them through the nut and gataaaaa….

Only good to eat… don't rush because I don't have many :)

Teff seeds or Ethiopian millet in gastronomy

Teff belongs to the germinaceae family and is also called the grass of love. It has been cultivated for 4,000 years in Ethiopia, and today, in Australia and India. Ethiopian millet or teff is a pseudocereal with multiple health benefits. It has a texture similar to that of amaranth, a size comparable to that of poppy seed and a fine nutty scent. Teff seeds are considered vital by Ethiopian athletes for their athletic performance.

These seeds help maintain the sodium-potassium balance, thus preventing heart disease. They contain, in addition to potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, zinc, copper, vitamins K, B1, B2, B3, B6, C, pantothenic acid, proteins, fiber, carbohydrates, etc.

Teff seeds do not contain gluten, so it is recommended for people suffering from celiac disease. Due to their high content of insoluble fiber and low glycemic index, they are also very helpful for diabetics, as they stabilize blood sugar. A balanced consumption of teff seeds helps maintain bone density, fights osteoporosis, helps maintain the health of the immune system, treats anemia, has anti-inflammatory effect, prevents diverticulitis, inflammation of the intestines, helps the optimal functioning of the nervous system.

These tiny grains, the seeds of teff, are unpretentious, the plant can be grown almost anywhere. Teff can easily replace nuts or sesame and can be mixed with vegetables, tofu to prepare vegetarian dishes. Usually teff seeds are turned into flour which is used to bake "injera", a porous paste specific to Ethiopia.

Pate of teff seeds

ingredients: 100 g teff seeds, 50 g peeled hemp seeds, 40 g tofu, salt to taste. Preparation: The teff seeds are washed in a cloth bag, after which they are hydrated for a few hours and then boiled for about 15 minutes. blender until a homogeneous paste is obtained. It is served on slices of wholemeal bread or slices of vegetables.

Teff pudding with black currant puree and seeds of hemp

ingredients: 1 cup te teff beans already boiled, 1 cup blackcurrants (frozen), 6‑8 dates left to hydrate, 1 tablespoon hemp seeds, 2 tablespoons coconut butter. Preparation: Wash the teff seeds, hydrate, then boil for about 15 minutes, cool and add the coconut butter. Peel a squash, grate it and cut it into cubes. The currants are boiled in the water from the dates for 2‑3 minutes, then strained and mixed with the dates, the hemp seeds are added, then the first layer of teff is placed in a glass bowl, and the puree on top. of currants and dates. Decorate with hemp seeds and frozen currants.

The stars are stocking up for the winter! Here are some delicious recipes we recommend

Supermarkets are full of cans, more and more tempting, but also acceptable in price, but many celebrities prefer to prepare them themselves, to avoid preservatives. Click! He surprised the most popular artists at work, and some of them even offered us some recipes or tricks, which it is good to write down, because, with their help, the dishes will be much tastier. If “Zâna” Andreea Marin put vegetables from her own soup in her vegetable jar, her rival, Mihaela Rădulescu, located on the other side of the world, more precisely in Monaco, adapted the Moldovan recipes, adding exotic jars and fruits in jars.

Secrets of Maternity Leave

Maternity leave is a legal procedure provided for each officially employed pregnant woman. But even so, a pregnant woman must find out in advance about her rights and responsibilities.

1. How to build your relationship with bosses?

  • The most civilized way provides honest relationships between an employer and an employee. This means that the employee will inform her employer about the pregnancy. if there are no medical indications, then a pregnant woman can continue to work until near the time of birth and after 56 days after the official maternity leave to return to work. also, according to the legal terms, if the pregnant woman works in conditions that would endanger the pregnancy, or her own health, she has the right to ask the employer to transfer her to another sector.
  • But if your relationship with your employer is far from ideal, he or she may look for different ways to fire you before he or she has to pay for maternity leave. Don't be afraid, for now, Moldovan laws are on the side of the pregnant woman. However, if you have to be absent from work for a doctor's appointment or other pregnancy-related reasons. keep all checks, doctors' networks, etc. for any eventuality, or in case of a trial they will serve as evidence.

2. Maternity leave and childbirth allowance: how much, when and how?

According to art. 124 of the Labor Code, women employees and apprentices, as well as dependent wives, are granted maternity leave, which includes prenatal leave with a duration of 70 calendar days and postnatal leave with a duration of 56 calendar days (in the case of complicated births or the birth of two or more children - 70 calendar days), with the payment for this period of the maternity allowance in the manner provided by the legislation in force. In order to register maternity leave, the pregnant woman must be registered at the polyclinic, which is interdependent with the state social insurance system.

Amount size: Proceeding from the content of art. 16 of the Law on allowances for temporary incapacity for work and other social insurance benefits no. 289-XV of 22.07.2004, the maternity allowance is granted, starting with the 30th week of pregnancy. The amount of the maternity allowance is 100% of the calculation basis of the allowances and constitutes the average monthly income achieved in the last 6 calendar months preceding the month of the insured risk, income from which the social insurance contributions were calculated. The average monthly insured income, taken into account when determining the amount of allowances, may not exceed 5 average monthly salaries per country forecast. The limit of 5 average monthly salaries was recently introduced, previously being a limit of 3 average salaries

If the future mother does not work, she can use the possibility to receive the allowance from the service of her husband or parents. But for that it will be necessary to gather some documents. if at the time of the maternity leave, the pregnant woman has the status of unemployed, she must present the documents confirming this or if she is a student, she must present a certificate from the College or University, and she must also confirm the kinship with her parents or husband. .

Pregnancy and childbirth benefits, the state and the employer must pay them to you after the 30th week of pregnancy. The State contribution is paid only once and in 2012 it amounted to 2300 lei for the first child and 2600 lei for the second and 2,600 lei for the next ones. This amount is received by all mothers regardless of whether they are insured or not. The other allowances depend on whether you or your spouse have officially worked somewhere or not.

After the birth of the child and the expiration of the term of sick leave for childbirth, the young mother will have to decide whether to continue working or to go on childcare leave.

3. Childcare leave: How much, When, How?

The Labor Code stipulates that the young mother can be on childcare leave until the child turns 6, and keep her job. The monthly allowance is granted by the State to the insured mothers or if the maternity leave is passed on to the husband, only during the first 3 years. The value of the monthly allowance is 30% of the official salary of the last 6 months, but not less than 300 lei. Mothers who are not insured receive for 1.5 years the minimum allowance of 250 lei.

If the young mother goes to work, then she must present an extract from the receipt. If the woman works one day, ie 8 hours a day, then she is no longer entitled to the allowance. However, if the working day is incomplete, ie less than 7 hours, and the child is less than 3 years old, then she can also receive the salary and the allowance. at this stage it is extremely important that all formalities are honored. Otherwise, if you receive the indemnity illegally, the National Insurance Company will ask you to return the amount received and may even impose fines.

The birth rate in the Republic of Moldova decreases annually. And the material component in making the decision to have a child is perhaps the most important. It is logical that at the low income level in the Republic of Moldova and the frightening forecasts of the aging population, for the interests of the state in increasing the birth rate in the country should be provided more concrete measures.

For example, Russian authorities have introduced "maternal capital" to support families with children. Every year, its amount is revised depending on the inflation rate. In the last four years it was increased from 276, 2 thousand rubles to 387,600 rubles. Its fund can be used to improve living conditions, to increase parental pensions and the child's education.

In Australia, demographic policy has the following formula: "One child for the mother, one for the father and one for the country", and a family of only 2 children is considered abnormal. For childbirth, in 2004, Australia introduced an incentive for childbirth (child bonus), which currently exceeds $ 5,000. Australians combine childcare with extra income. A recent study showed that almost 60% of mothers with children under the age of 14 worked part-time, with children up to 4 years over 52%, with children aged 10 to 14 - 77%. The average salary of women in Australia per week is about $ 1,000.

Another example is Norway, which is considered the world leader in spending on social programs. The payment for childcare leave for Norwegian women is the highest in the world. The birth rate in this country is 1.8 children per family, much higher than in other European countries. In Norway, you can take 10 months with retention of 100% of salary (average is $ 25,000 per year) or 12 months, but with payment of 80% of salary. That is, for the first six months of child care, a Norwegian woman receives $ 12,500.

organization Save the ChildrenSave the children») Makes an annual maternity review. The latest, Mother's Index 2010, was released in March last year and includes data on 173 countries around the world. The first three positions are occupied by the countries where it is best to be a mother, ie Norway, Australia, Iceland and Sweden (the last 2 countries have shared the 3rd place). Some CIS countries, including Moldova, occupy decent places in this ranking: Belarus - 33rd place, Russia - 38, Ukraine - 39, Moldova - 40, Kazakhstan - 51, Uzbekistan - 66, Kyrgyzstan - 68, Armenia - 78 , Azerbaijan - 96, Tajikistan - 98. The top takes into account the factors that affect the status of women and children in the country (health, education, economic factors, political factors.

Overwhelmed by "Memories", Bojdeuca from the Iași slum of Ţicău continues to carry behind her century of glory


With the passion of the people of Iași that I always feel included in, I could not foresee even now when the white flower of old age illuminates my temple well that there could still be someone in Romania, young or old, who has not heard at least once or never to have crossed the receiving threshold of Bojdeucii lui Ion Creangă, located for more than a century in the Ţicăului slum a "The sweet Fair of the Exits".

Otherwise, no one could fully and properly understand the miracle of the "weaving" of stories and tales of great humor and grace, by Ion Creanga, the one that the learned pedagogue and junimist Constantin Meissner would perceive as: "The most authentic and original product of the people". Even the brilliant literary critic George Călinescu, to whom he dedicates to Ion Creangă an incomparable monograph in 3 volumes, could not be inferior in his synthesizing appreciation: "The truth is that an artist like Creangă appears only once in the history of a people, and then only in a moment of grace. He is undoubtedly brilliant, like any writer who can be said to have an instinctive sense of language and unaltered popular ethos. His work is the amazing expression of common sense and an elementary soul, frozen in unchanging, eternal formulas. In all, a spectacle of simple unanalyzable greatness ".

Undoubtedly, the one who stops occasionally or interested at Bojdeuca lui Creangă from Ţicăului slum will have at the end of the visit the satisfaction of being seen and perceived with undisguised feeling a real "Literary workshop" in which the whole work of "Childhood Memories", a "Stories" and "Stories" his spirit and in which the spirit of the humble storyteller lives here more alive and richer than elsewhere. And there couldn't be an even bigger one!

Therefore, the name and the literary work of Ion Creangă are inextricably linked to "Cottage hut", as he liked to call it, located in the Ţicău slum, in the place where he still calls it confessional and "Valea Plângerii, Ţicăul de sus street, no..

Literary historians have concluded that the erection of this "hat" was done before 1850 on the steep place belonging to the parish of the Church "40 Martyrs".

Here, beginning in 1872, after the unfortunate episodes of "Repopulation" after 12 years of deaconry, of the failure of his marriage to Ileana Grigoriu, the daughter of the priest Grigoriu from the church "40 de Sfinţi", with whom he had his only son Constantin (b. 1860, when he was a student of Theology) and the suspension from the position of teacher, in who had been invested by the royal decree of 1864 signed by Cuza Voda, at the intervention of his former teacher Titu Maiorescu from the Normal School of the Three Hierarchs, Ion Creanga, having no place to live, knows Tinca Vartic, niece of deacon Grigore Vartic and subleases at this a small room of Bojdeuca, finding it closer to the native rustic landscape of Humuleşti, a village of razzeşi "Landless" found "To the water of Ozana which is beautifully flowing and crystal clear". The payment of the rent would be ensured from the modest income of the tobacconist who opened it further down the valley, on Sărăriei Street, together with his brother Zahei.

From now on, until his death on December 31, 1889, for 17 years, Ion Creangă lived in Bojdeucă with Tinca Vartic, a simple and mature woman, who also went through many hardships of life, with whom she never married, but who would fulfill them, like a good housewife she was, all "Lusts" common living. Installation at "Cottage hut" it would strengthen his sense of life "Like at home mom", dressing a healthy and healthy bed in the rented room "Closets" oak, a brick hearth with a chimney and an oven in which the loaves, pans and pies "Hang" tempting aromas. It is said that "Lustful and fat", how was, The "host" Ionica would not have been ashamed to even finish "100 sarmale" at one table, especially when "Ritual" they were served at the low table with three legs raised by Tinca on the bed "Gourmet". For "Lust for writing" He prepared a large table perched on the window, which never lacked the papers and tools needed for his writings, guarded by a bookshelf, and above it, hung in the low ceiling, an "8-fire" lamp. The walls were adorned with peasant macadamias, and above the icon of St. Nicholas received as a gift from his grandfather, David Creanga, when, in 1855, he left the Socola Theological Seminary in Iasi and from which he never parted, hung a beautiful popular towel. Feeling at Bojdeuca "At ease" and "down to earth", reason for which the little room was never paved, being only covered with lasting larch, little by little the interior of it would acquire that familiar appearance of the parental house from Humuleşti. Thus, glazed and deep jars, coffees and coffins, inlaid spoons of all kinds, pots of tuci, burnt clay pots and baking trays, and more and more others began to appear here and there. "Chitibushes". And to be all "at their place", Ion Creangă would do, like his mother, "Damblaua" cats, acting at Bojdeucă o "cohort" of about 30 playful cats, which he used to name after his acquaintances. One of them, in her nickname "Mărioara", would always remind him of his aunt "Cheese scratches" from "Memories", to whom "The naughty Nica of Petra" he greedily went to steal summer cherries.

"Rooting" in Bojdeuca would have the expected effect, so that in September 1874 he returned to education, being appointed teacher in the first and second grades of the Primary School for Boys No. 2 in Păcurari, a position in which he began to compose for his little poetry students, such as: "You don't work, you have nothing to eat!" and "Come on, the bell is ringing!", but also stories of great wisdom, including: "Fool", "Flax and Shirt" and "The needle and the sledgehammer", considered to have been the delight of school celebrations. But he was not satisfied with that and began, together with other teachers, to write a lot of textbooks and textbooks for students: "New method of writing and reading for the use of primary class I", "Children's teacher", "Geography of Iasi County", which were meant to transmit to schoolchildren a thorough knowledge of learning.

The former pupil, who later became the well-known writer Jean Bart, would later remember this glorious school period: “Among the so many severe and fierce teachers, who tormented my childhood days in class, I see the gentle and jovial figure of I. Creanga, whom all the boys loved. This tall and fat man, always with a smile on his face, radiated everywhere (…) the same light, kindness and joy ”.

All these quiet, meaningful moments of his life would be his "Blagoslovite", in 1875, by the grace of his acquaintance with Mihai Eminescu, then school inspector of Iaşi and Vaslui counties, who would appreciate his efforts in compiling school textbooks. A lasting friendship is immediately between the two, unshakable in all the years of the rest of his life. As a natural consequence, Eminescu, intuiting his indefatigable spirit of spirit "Popular", without hesitation, introduces Ion Creangă into the atmosphere "Bohemian" of Junimii from Iași. It was not surprising that the crafty words of the humble storyteller were well received at the cenacle meetings of the junimists, chaired by Titu Maiorescu, so that on October 1, 1875 he made his debut in "Literary conversations", with the story: "Mother-in-law with three daughters-in-law", followed in the next issue by "Goat with three kids".

Since then, they have often been seen walking together through numerous cochleas "Sweet Fair", the idea of ​​a "Inseparable brotherhood" it quickly took root, so that the following summer, in June 1876, Eminescu, also attracted by the tranquility and picturesque charm of the place, came to live for several months at Bojdeuca in Ţicău. And "Darling, Lord", This one "cohabitation", as short as it was dense, she would soon find out her beneficent purpose from this enviable friendship. In the wide veranda behind Bojdeucii, supported by those "24 oak forks", which generously opened the panorama of the Ciricului and Şorogarilor hills, tactfully placed on a ladle, "Honoring themselves with a ruby ​​wine and devouring the tasty lap-lap pies made by Tinca Vartic, the housewife, their chatter did not end even in the middle of the night", as the junimist George Panu clearly notes in "Memories from Junimea".

In those moments of satiety, Branch, "The free-mouthed one", little by little, he would unload his bag full of stories and tales, of proverbs and sayings, which more and more "Wounds", and, urged by his laughing friend, he would then lay them down on paper, in his grumpy and unmistakable style. It was not surprising that at that time, Eminescu, becoming editor at "Curierul de Iaşi", reprinted the story in the newspaper "Dănilă Prepeleac".

Also from George Panu, but also from other literary exegetes, we find out that their holy friendship was based on the occupation of wandering Iaşi and its surroundings, researching its history and its treasures, so that in the beautiful days: “Sometimes, Creangă and Eminescu would disappear for three or four days (…), they would roam Galata with the market, they would cross the Păcurarilor barrier, they would go around Copou and Aroneanu, they would sleep on a bench at an inn or a tavern, they would eat what they found and they were happy".

This friendship would soon be joined by Veronica Micle, the poet's muse, who had also begun to give a "Raită" around Bojdeuca, spreading around the inspiring poetic charm. Certainly poetry "Sara on the Hill", as well as other love poems, were composed by the Poet under the inspiration of Veronica and the rustic landscape of Bojdeuca.

But, as it always happens for the balance of life, after a great joy followed by a great despair, the hasty departure of Eminescu, on October 15. 1877, as editor of the Bucharest newspaper "Time", would sadden Ion Creanga to the brim, and the correspondence with "Brother Michael", would be his only relief: "It's snowing nicely in Iasi tonight, so the sleigh ride. The circus seems more beautiful now. Come, brother Mihai, come, without you I am a stranger ".

In June 1879, having a good financial situation from his job and writing, Ion Creangă proves his goodness of soul and buys with 50 Austrian yellows - "Thirty-seven old yellow lei", the place and Bojdeuca, with two rooms, a carddac, a holişor and a veranda, in the name of Ecaterina Vartic, thus rewarding the woman who took full care of the household and him.

The year 1880 would be for Ion Creangă one full of various events of life: on the one hand, he begins to write his masterpiece: "Childhood memories", the first two parts of which are published in "Literary Conversations" in the issues of March and April 1881 and, on the other hand, appear the first serious signs of his epileptic disease, genetically inherited from his mother Smaranda, being put in the situation to be admitted to the Hospital Brâncovenesc and to follow, on May far away, "Cure for healing waters" from Slănic. Fulfilling the desire, which is "Grind the soul", to see "Brother Michael" takes place on June 5, 1883, when Eminescu participates in Iasi, as editor-in-chief of the central newspaper "Time", at the grandiose festivities occasioned by the inauguration of the equestrian statue of Prince Stephen the Great in front of the former Royal Court, for which he had specially composed poetry "Doina" of great patriotic vibration: “From the Dniester to the Tisza / All the Romanians cried to me. ”. Unfortunately, at the reunion of the unforgettable Iaşi, of his dear friends, Veronica and Ionică, but also at the sight of the statue "The Bearded Voivode", then the first signs of his relentless illness appeared, so that Eminescu, being withdrawn for the provision of urgent medical care, could no longer recite his admirable creation. He did it in the evening in the houses in Păcurari of the junimist Iacob Negruzzi, but also in Bojdeucă, where he stayed to recover for a few days.

In the years that followed, with the grief caused by the illness of his dear friend, his state of health would deteriorate sharply, hardly managing to divide his life between journalism and the endless medical treatments, in which "Even the waters of Slănic had no effect".

About the end, on June 15, 1889, a "Brother Michael", Ion Creangă would find out from the newspapers, touching him beyond measure. This is how the critic George Călinescu looks, in his monumental “History of literature. ”, the tragic moment in which Ion Creangă perceived the disappearance of his too good friend: "The news of Eminescu's death had brought him down. He was seen (at Bojdeuca n.n.) crying like a child and falling asleep with Eminescu's book of poems. The premonition of death darkened even more in his heart. From now on he thought seriously about extinction and began to ask himself questions about the future life. ".

And as the bad news never comes alone, he soon found out with the same immense pain about the end of the life of his friend Veronica Micle, on August 9, 1889, at the Văratec Monastery. From this moment the seizures of his disease became more frequent and more devastating. "Groups of haters" of the children from the slum and Sărărie went to Bojdeuca, as was their custom, to tell them at the window to their dear "Santa Ionica" the wish of "Renewal of the year". Ending the pain of the loss, Tinca Vartic also came out to greet them with a lighted candle and told the children, in a tender voice, that "Ionic is no longer theirs. ”. He was to be buried on January 2, 1890 at the "Eternitatea" Cemetery.

One year after Creangă's death, the owner Tinca Vartic rebuilt her life through marriage and left Bojdeuca, which had started to deteriorate, but not before "Obloni", lăsând intacte în interior toate obiectele personale care au aparţinut scriitorului, inclusiv ochelarii, medalionul de la a 20-a aniversare a Junimii şi portretul destul de recent făcut acestuia de către pictorul Muşneţanu. Intuind importanţa manuscriselor rămase de la “conaşu Ionică”, Tinca Vartic le dăruieşte lui Eduard Gruber, un apropiat a lui Creangă, profesor la Universitate, căsătorit cu Virginia, fiica Veronicăi Micle. Sfârşitul neaşteptat al acestuia, survenit în 1896, au făcut ca valoroasele manuscrise ale autorului “Amintirilor din copilărie” să se piardă în neant, fiind descoperite “norocos” şi salvate în mare parte de către scriitorul Emil Gârleanu de la băcanul unde-şi făcea cumpărăturile(!).

Ultima parte a “Amintirilor” a fost editată postum, iar întreaga operă a lui Ion Creangă a fost retipărită periodic, multe din episoadele “Amintirilor din copilărie” şi a “Poveştilor” şi a “Povestirilor” fiind reluate în manualele şcolare. Edificatoare ni se pare chiar “prefaţa” autorului: “Iubite cetitoriu, Multe prostii ai fi cetit, de când eşti. Ceteşte rogu-te şi ceste şi unde vedevei că nu-ţi vine la socoteală, ie pana în mână şi dă şi tu altceva mai bun la izvală. Căci eu atâta m´am priceput şi atâta am făcut. Autoriul”.

După moartea Tincăi Vartic (1912), soţul acesteia, la insistenţa unor intelectuali ieşeni, scoate Bojdeuca la vânzare, care este cumpărată de către Primăria Iaşi. De aici încolo ideea de a face din “Bojdeuca amintirilor” un muzeu omagial pentru Creangă şi Eminescu avea calea liberă a împlinirii. Au urmat fireşti lucrări de reparaţii, făcute cu greu în vreme de război în care Iaşul, devenit din 1917 “Capitala rezistenţei până la capăt”, era supraaglomerat de refugiaţii veniţi din întraga ţară. Până la urmă, în ciuda tuturor greutăţilor de atunci, la 15 aprilie 1918, Bojdeuca lui Ion Creangă din mahalaua Ţicăului, spre cinstea edililor şi intelectualilor ieşeni, devine primul muzeu memorial literar din România!

Anul acesta Bojdeuca lui Ion Creangăîşi sărbătoreşte Centenarul!

Începutul funcţionării ca muzeu a fost unul greu deoarece, din lipsa spaţiului de locuit, primul muzeograf şi familia sa a trebuit să locuiască la Bojdeucă, în odăiţa unde a locuit Tinca Vartic. Pentru a fi menţinut “pe linia de plutire” Muzeul – Bojdeucă, devenit familiar pentru ineditul său dezvăluit vizitatorilor, a suportat de-a lungul fiinţării sale mai multe reparaţii, consolidări şi modernizări, între care cele mai imporante efectuate în perioada 1984 – 1989, prin grija Muzeului Literaturii Române Iaşi, ce avea Bojdeuca sub oblăduire instituţională.

Astfel, la 11 iunie 1989, pe baza unui “proiect de suflet” întocmit de arhitectul Virgiliu Onofrei, au fost inaugurate: cochetul Pavilion, adiacent Bojdeucii, cu acoperişul său ţuguiat, amintind de forma unei cuşme moldoveneşti, ce adăposteşte ampla expoziţie foto documentară a vieţii şi operei lui Ion Creangă, biblioteca şi spaţiile generoase destinate unor expoziţii şi manifestări temporare cu tematici din lumea copilăriei, a poveştilor şi Amfiteatrul în aer liber, cu 250 de locuri, ce găzduieşte cele patru manifestări tradiţionale ale Bojdeucii, dar şi cele ocazionate de prezenţa unor numeroşi vizitatori atraşi atât de “mirajul Bojdeucii”, cât şi de remarcabila prestaţie muzeistică dovedită cu mult patos de custozii Bojdeucii, precum: Constantin Parascan şi Valentin Talpalaru.

Să amintim că în 1968 la Bojdeucă a fost amplasat bustul de granit a lui Ion Creangă, operă remarcabilă a sculptorului Iftimie Bârleanu: "Ia, am fost şi eu, în lumea asta, un boţ cu ochi, o bucată de humă însufleţită din Humuleşti. ” , iar în 1990 în partea de sus a Amfiteatrului a fost inaugurată statuia lui Ion Creangă privind înspre Bojdeucă şi ţinând după umeri doi copilaşi, realizată de studenţii de la Universitatea ieşeană de Arte sub conducerea profesorului D. Căileanu.

La ceasul Centenarului, despovărată de multitudinea materialor documentare care au împresurat-o până în 1990 şi năpădită în continuare de tumultoasa autenticitate a amintirilor, Bojdeuca lui Ion Creangă din mahalaua ieşeană a Ţicăului – primul muzeu memorial literar din România - se înfăţişează celor peste o sută de mii de vizitatori din ţară şi din străinătate, care-i trec anual pragul, drept un sfânt altar de reculegere spirituală, în care duhul nepieritor al epocii neîntrecutului povestitor te cuprinde pe de-a-ntregul.

Cum se face sosul Madame?

Despre sosul Madame puteți citi mai multe aici. Este un sos compus din fructele coapte în fripturile de pasăre și sucul (jus-ul) format în tavă. Am desfăcut legăturile picioarelor și am scos fructele din friptura de gâscă. Ce arome. Fructe coapte cu cognac, ceapă și usturoi. Nu știi din care să guști mai întâi!

Am scurs o parte din sosul din tavă într-o cratiță. Are un strat gros de grăsime care trebuie îndepărtat. Am degresat sosul cu un polonic scoțând aproape toată grăsimea (care se pune deoparte pentru ungerea fripturii). Apoi am pus fructele coapte în el și am amestecat bine. Am asezonat cu sare, piper, 30 ml de cognac și i-am dat 2-3 clocote pe foc ca să iasă vaporii de alcool. Am pus un vârf de cuțit de scorțișoară și am tras cratița de pe foc. La final am adăugat un cubuleț mic de unt rece și am amestecat totul delicat.

Sosul se servește cald așezat într-un castron special. S-ar putea ca sosul Madame să nu fie pe gustul tuturor dar merită încercat.

Cheesecake cu NESCAFÉ

Cremos, cu iz de vară și relaxant, cheesecake-ul este un desert ușor și revigorant. Unde mai pui că aroma intensă de cafea se îmbină perfect cu restul ingredientelor?



Ingredient list

The base
• 20-25 biscuiți cu cacao
• 3 linguri de unt

• jumătate de cană de cafea preparată NESCAFÉ Brasero Originala
• 230g cremă de brânză
• un pliculeț de gelatină
• 150g zahăr pudră
• 80g ciocolată Nestle Dessert Noir
• 225ml smântână
• o mână de fulgi de ciocolată pentru decorare

How do you prepare?

Farâmițează biscuiții, pune-i în blender. Topește untul și toarnă-l peste biscuit. Amestecă până ce obții o pastă omogenă. Pune mixul obținut într-o tavă dreptunghiulară în frigider, timp de 10 minute. Toarnă într-o tigaie inăltuță cafeaua NESCAFÉ Brasero Original și pliculețul cu gelatină. Încălzește-le până când gelatina se dizolva complet și apoi lasă la răcit.

Între timp poți să amesteci crema de brânză cu zahărul într-un bol. După omogenizare, adaugă smântâna și ciocolata topită și apoi amestecul de gelatină și cafea. Omogenizează bine și toarnă crema obținută peste baza de biscuiți. Lasă tava la rece, în frigider, timp de patru ore.

Înainte să te bucuri de prăjitură decoreaz-o cu fulgi de ciocolată. Fulgii de ciocolată îi poți obține dând pe răzătoare câteva pătrățele de ciocolată Nestle Dessert Noir.

Video: TRYING GERMAN CANDY! (July 2022).


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